Contents: Poultry Turkey Water Disinfectants and Feed Sanitizers
UltraDyne-A Organic Iodine Sanitizer
Poultry and Turkey Drinking Water Disinfection Using A Natural Dietary Approach
UltraDyne-A is a safe and effective disinfectant which is added to poultry, broilers, layers, chicks, turkeys and toms drinking water to prevent the spread of pathogenic bacteria (disease causing organisms) and cross contamination in and through the animals drinking water.
UltraDyne-A is an organic biocidal disinfectant, biocidal meaning it kills inactivates all types of organisms in a non selective manner, viruses, bacteria, fungi and even spores. A disinfectant does not necessarily do this, for most disinfectants are selective in what they kill. It is even effective against polio virus TB and many antibiotic-resistant organisms which have resulted from the extensive use and over use of antibiotics. There are only a few extremely corrosive and toxic disinfectants that are effective against fungi spores, however they must be used at very high dosage levels making them uneconomical and/or dangerous to use.
UltraDyne-A is harmless to poultry and livestock and is formulated with a food grade iodine trace mineral that plays an important role in promoting growth and development and helps in the burning of excess fat. In animals iodine deficiency can result in lowered metabolism, abortions, anemia, retarded growth etc. There have been no reported cases of toxicity resulting from too much iodine, which occurs naturally in soil, food and water.
Ingredients: A concentrated liquid solution of selected organic plant extracts of natural origin, citric acidcombined with nutritional food grade iodine salts for maximizing free iodine I2 availability using a patent pending process. It should be understood that only the free iodine portion of any iodine (iodophor) product is biocidal. Titratable levels of iodine in no way indicate the efficacy of a specific products ability to kill bacteria (microorganisms) (Please Read UltraDyne-A Tests Below)The normal maintenance use level is 1 part of UltraDyne-A to 30,000 parts of the animals drinking waterPoultry Broilers Layers Ducks Turkeys Breeders Poults Drinking Water Disinfectant
Poultry Broilers and Layers: Use 1 part UltraDyne-A to 20,000parts water regular solution
Emergency Situations: Use 1 part UltraDyne-A to 10,000for 2 to 4 days or until control is achieved
Bacteria Free Water:
Water is not often thought of as a nutrient itself, but it is indeed a very important one. Its functions include: regulation of body temperature, transport of other nutrients, and taking part in numerous chemical reactions in the body. (Alberta Agriculture, 1982, Agdex 450/716-1)
Water requirements (volume) of poultry are often crudely estimated by multiplying the amount of feed eaten by two (for example 1 kg feed: 2 litres of water) . Under hot conditions however, they will drink substantially more (up to twice as much). The list below contains estimations on water consumption (compiled from various sources) for 100 birds at various ages.
Broiler chickens (per 100 birds at various ages)
Less than 3 weeks: 2-10 litres/day
Greater than 3 weeks: 10-30+ litres/day
Laying hens : 18-30 litres/day (dependant upon egg production level)
Less than 4 weeks: 2-11 litres/day
Greater than 4 weeks: 11-60+ litres/day
Less than 4 weeks: 3-12 litres/day
Greater than 4 weeks: 12-33+ litres/day
Less than 4 weeks: 3-25 litres/day
Greater than 4 weeks: 25-35+ litres/day
Water consumption can be affected by feed type, stage of production and growth, disease status and environmental temperature. Water should be available to the birds at all times.
Water quality is an important consideration when planning to raise animals. Measurements of water quality include the items shown below. In some cases concentrations which may be of concern are mentioned.
1) Total dissolved solids (TDS) - TDS includes all of the dissolved minerals in the water. How birds are affected will depend on specifically which minerals are present. Suggestions are that: >1500 ppm (mg/litre) is unacceptable for poults less than 3 weeks, >3000 ppm is not good for chicks and ducklings, >4000 ppm can cause an increase in wet droppings in hens and turkeys, >7000 ppm is not acceptable for any poultry species
2) Salinity - Salinity is a measurement of the different salts in the water, and the term is often used in discussions interchangeably with TDS. Because there can be various mineral salts present, the effects on birds will vary.
3) Sodium - Water which is high in sodium causes an increase in wet litter and can cause dehydration. Research has also suggested that high sodium levels contribute to ascites (water-belly) in broiler chickens and turkeys. Sodium levels greater than 500 ppm are believed to be of concern, but it may be possible to compensate by reducing salt levels in the diet.
4) Water hardness - The minerals calcium and magnesium are the major cause of water hardness. Magnesium may affect the palatability of the water. Hard water will form a scale on plumbing fixtures.
5) Sulphates - Sulphates have a laxative effect on birds and can cause wet litter if concentrations are greater than 500 ppm. Birds may build up a resistance to this effect. It has also been suggested that concentrations greater than 500 ppm are not suitable for poults and >1500 are not good for chicks. Greater than 3000 ppm is unacceptable for poultry.
6) Nitrates and nitrites - The presence of nitrates and nitrites may indicate bacterial contamination from human or livestock waste and/or decomposing animals. Nitrites are the more dangerous of the two compounds. In large quantities they will affect the capability of blood to carry oxygen and can be toxic. The recommendations for maximum nitrate concentrations varies. Some indicate that concentrations of less than 300 nitrate nitrogen should be tolerable for poultry, while others suggest a maximum of 50 ppm.
7) Iron - Iron in water may stain equipment and laundry, and affect the taste, but is not generally considered a health risk for poultry. Iron bacteria may block pipes and drains, but are not directly a threat to bird health.
These are only some examples of measurements which can be made to assess water quality. More than one measurement should be examined in order to determine if water is unfit for poultry. If that determination has been made, it is possible that a water treatment system will improve water quality. A new water source may be needed, or another alternative may be to bring in good water from a different source for the first few weeks when the birds are young.
Iodine Deficiency in Poultry Broilers Layers Ducks and Turkeys
In birds, iodine deficiency usually results in a conditionknown as goiter. Poultry broilers feed conversion efficiency can drop by as much as 34 % coupled with quality downgrading . The fat level drip loss increases and the producers overall production costs can result in very marginal profits and even major losses. Layers that suffer from iodine deficiency produce weak egg shells and high mortality in chicks shell death.
Ultradyne Dry feed additive: Is normally used at a rate of 250 to 400 grams per ton of final feed and provides similar benefits to Ultradyne-A. We shall be adding more detailed information on Ultradyne Dry for turkey and poultry feed applications.
Broilers and Hatchery Sanitation
Thoroughly clean the hatchery environment setters, hatchers, floors, chick-go-rounds, vaccinators, etc. before you apply Ultra 1-Step . Remove organic material fluff, blood, shells, excrement and dirt prior to the application Ultra 1-Step.
Although Ultra 1-Step is effective in the presence of organic matter, the effective removal of all organic material should be the hatchery manager's top priority.
Remove all hatchery debris, clean the surfaces, and then disinfect. In other words, you should not try to disinfect dirt. Remove by sweeping, spraying with water, or vacuuming.
Ultra 1-Step contains detergent and may be dispensed from a high pressure sprayer, but heavily soiled areas should be pre-scrubed.
After the surface is clean, apply disinfectant. Here is where the hatchery manager must begin to make the critical decisions regarding which product to use.
Ultra 1-Step is best used in acid environments (pH 3-5). Iodine is effective against gram positive and gram negative bacteria and fungi.
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File Date: 08-16-02 All Rights Reserved Copyright ©Ultra Bio-Logics Inc.
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